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INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES & FABULOUS FACULTIESGLOBAL STUDIES FOR HUMANITY

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SPANISH

El que busca la verdad corre el riesgo de encontrarla.”
“Who searches for truth runs the risk of finding it.”

Isabel Allende

 

Language

  • Spanish (español) is a Romance language named for its origins as the native tongue of a large proportion of the inhabitants of Spain. It is also named Castilian (castellano) after the Spanish region of Castile where it originated. Spanish is the second most natively spoken language in the world, after Mandarin Chinese. In 1999 there were, according to Ethnologue, 358 million people speaking Spanish as a native language and a total of 417 million speakers worldwide. Currently these figures are up to 400 and 500 million people respectively.

    In-Fact
    : Spanish is one of the six official languages of the United Nations, and is used as an official language by the European Union and Mercosur.

     

History

The first documents regarded as precursors of modern Spanish are from the ninth century. The dialects reflected in those documents emerged from the ancestral Vulgar Latin (common Latin), which had been brought to Iberia by the Romans during the Second Punic War around 210 BC, absorbing influences from the native Iberian languages such as Celtiberian, Basque and other paleohispanic languages.

Alphabet

The Spanish alphabet has the following 27 letters and 2 digraphs:
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, Ñ, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.
Ch, Ll.
The letters ⟨k⟩ and ⟨w⟩ are used only in words and names coming from foreign languages

 


Culture

Culturally, Spain is a Western country. Because of the great strength of its Roman heritage in almost every aspect of Spanish life, Spain is often described as a Latin country. Nevertheless, there have been many influences on many aspects of Spanish life, from art and architecture to cuisine and music, from many countries across Europe and from around the Mediterranean, through its long history.


Scope

Spanish is the second most spoken language of the world after French, hence it creates a major scope in industries like tourism and hospitality.