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INSTITUTE OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES & FABULOUS FACULTIESGLOBAL STUDIES FOR HUMANITY

FRENCH| JAPANESE| GERMAN| SPANISH

GERMAN

“Das Leben gehört den Lebenden an, und wer lebt, muss auf Wechsel gefasst sein.”
“Life belongs to the living, and those who live must be prepared for change.”

          - J.W. von Goethe

 

Language

  • German (Deutsch [ˈdɔʏtʃ] ) is a West Germanic language related to and classified alongside English and Dutch. With an estimated 90 – 98 million native speakers, German is one of the world's major languages and is the most widely-spoken first language in the European Union. Most German vocabulary is derived from the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. Significant minorities of words are derived from Latin and Greek, with a smaller amount from French and English. German is the third-most taught foreign language in the English-speaking world, after French and Spanish.

    In-Fact
    : The German dialect continuum is traditionally divided most broadly into High German and Low German. However, all German dialects belong to the dialect continuum of High German and Low Saxon languages.

     

History

The history of the language begins with the High German consonant shift during the migration period, separating Old High German dialects from Old Saxon. The earliest testimonies of Old High German are from scattered Elder Futhark inscriptions, especially in Alemannic, from the 6th century AD; the earliest glosses (Abrogans) date to the 8th; and the oldest coherent texts (the Hildebrandslied, the Muspilli and the Merseburg Incantations) to the 9th century. Old Saxon at this time belongs to the North Sea Germanic cultural sphere, and Low Saxon was to fall under German rather than Anglo-Frisian influence during the Holy Roman Empire.

Alphabet

German is written using the Latin alphabet. In addition to the 26 standard letters, German has three vowels with umlauts (Ä/ä, Ö/ö, and Ü/ü) and the letter ß.

 


Culture

From its roots, culture in Germany has been shaped by major intellectual and popular currents in Europe, both religious and secular. Historically Germany has been called Das Land der Dichter und Denker (the land of poets and thinkers).
In-Fact: Germany has been named the world's second most valued nation among 50 countries in 2010.

Scope

Nowadays, many students are seeking admission to German Universities. There is also an increasing demand for computer professionals in Germany and many Indians are taking advantage of this opportunity. Moreover, there is an increase in trade with Germany.